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Submission Guidelines

1. Referencing Notes

The articles submitted for publication in the Iustinianus Primus Law Journal should be simple documentary style consisting of 3 elements:
1. Citations in the main body of the text, using a superscript (raised) number, generally at the end of a sentence.
2. A list of footnotes at the end of the page for all citations.
3. A bibliography at the end of the paper giving the details of each source referred to and possibly other materials consulted in preparing the paper.


2. How It Works

Superscript numbers with corresponding footnotes should be used whenever information or ideas from sources are discussed. Sources such as books, journals, reports, newspapers, interviews, radio, television and information from the Internet must be acknowledged in text and detailed in footnotes.
When summarizing or paraphrasing material from a source, superscript numbers should be placed at the end of a sentence or clause rather than immediately after the words to which they refer.
When quoting word for word from a source, superscript numbers should always be placed immediately after direct quotes.
If a quote is more than about 30 words long, omit the quotation marks, start the quote on a new line and indent the quote about 1 cm from the left-hand margin of the page and 1 cm from the right hand margin of the page.
If a quote is more than about 30 words long, omit the quotation marks, start the quote on a new line and indent the quote about 1 cm from the left-hand margin of the page and 1 cm from the right hand margin of the page


3. Formatting Footnotes

The First Note for a Source
You should provide full bibliographic information. This includes:
a) author(s) initial(s) and surname(s)
b) name of the article, book or journal
c) editors (if applicable)
d) publisher name and location
e) year published
f) exact page numbers if your reference is a direct quotation, a paraphrase, an idea, or is otherwise directly drawn from the source

* Titles of publications should be italicized.
* Article titles should be enclosed between single quotation marks.
* Use commas to separate each item of the citation and end with a full stop.


Second & Subsequent Notes
Second and subsequent references to the same source donít need to be as detailed as the first noteóthey just need the minimum information to clearly indicate which text is being referred to.

With a Single Author
Provide all the necessary information in the first note. If you want to refer to the same source again, a simple method is to give the authorís name, the year of publication and the page number.
Another way to shorten second or subsequent references is with Latin abbreviations. For example: ibid = same as last entry
Use ibid when two references in a row are from the same source.
op. cit.= as previously cited.
Use op. cit. when you have already given full details of that source in an earlier note. When using op. cit. you still need to provide information such as the authorís name to make the source clear.
These abbreviations should be in lowercase, even when they appear at the beginning of a note.


4. Using Different Sources

Book
List information in the following order:
1. author's surname(s) and initial(s)
2. title of book (underlined or italicised)
3. publisher
4. place of publication
5. year of publication
6. page number(s)

Article in a book
List information in the following order:
1. author's surname(s) and initial(s)
2. title of article (between single quotation marks)
3. title of book (underlined or italicised)
4. publisher
5. place of publication
6. year of publication
7. page number(s)

Journal Article
List information in the following order:
1. author's surname(s) and initial(s)
2. title of article (between single quotation marks)
3. title of journal or periodical (underlined or italicised)
4. volume number
5. issue number
6. month of publication (if applicable)
7. year of publication
8. page number(s)

Electronic Source
A. Website
1. author
2. name & place of sponsor of site
3. date site was created or updated
4. date of viewing
5. URL

A Document within a Website
1. author/editor
2. title
3. name of sponsor of site
4. last date site updated
5. date of viewing
6. URL

Emails
These are cited the same as for personal communications
Electronic Mail Lists
This includes Electronic mailing lists, Usenet Groups & Bulletin Boards
1. author
2. authorís identifying details (eg. email address)
3. description of posting
4. name of list owner
5. date of posting
6. date of viewing
7. URL
CD_ROMS
These are cited the same as for Film, Video TV and Radio recordings


5. Bibliography

Even though full bibliographic information is given in the footnote references, you are required to provide a separate list of the works you have cited.
A bibliographic entry requires the same information as a footnote entry, but with two main differences:
The authorís surname is placed before their initial, as sources are listed in alphabetical order by author surname.
Certain elements are separated with full stops instead of commas.

For examples please see the articles already published in the first issue of ďIustinianus Primus Law JournalĒ. (www.law-review.mk)

Please submit your articles at submissions@law-review.mk

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